It is a critical facet of cybersecurity, involves unauthorized intrusion into computer systems or networks. Hackers, often categorized as black-hat, white-hat, or gray-hat, exploit vulnerabilities in network security, aiming to gain access, steal data, or disrupt operations. The motivations behind these attacks can range from criminal activities to ethical testing and security improvement.
Here are the key features of network hacking:
- Phishing: Deceptive emails or websites trick users into revealing sensitive information.
- Malware: the use of malicious software to infiltrate networks, steal data, or damage systems.
- Password Attacks: brute force, dictionary attacks, or credential stuffing to access accounts
Protecting against network hacking is essential. Robust cybersecurity measures include:
- Firewalls: Establishing a barrier between a trusted internal network and untrusted external networks
- Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) and Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS): Monitoring and blocking suspicious network traffic
- Encryption: securing data in transit to prevent eavesdropping.
- Regular Patching: Keeping software and systems up-to-date to fix known vulnerabilities
- Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA): Adding extra layers of security to account access
- Security Awareness Training: Educating users to recognize and avoid common hacking tactics